Knowing the Camera Hardware

A good camera is indeed a valuable device. Owing to the latest technology, one can practice professional as well as everyday photography through their cell phones. The best part is you don’t have to spend an arm ora leg to access a professional camera in your smartphones. Unlike the heavy professional cameras and DSLRs which charge alarming prices, smartphones are coming out as a better alternative.

While considering the optics department in a phone, a majority of people emphasize solely on the megapixels which actually mean; a representation of sharper images as a result of higher number of pixels. Most of you don’t look beyond it due to a limited knowledge about the same. To ensure that you make an intelligent investment, we have a complete guide as to what all should be examined in the camera of a smartphone.

Mega Pixel Count

The only feature most of the people are accustomed to is the megapixel count. Even the sales and specification sheet holds a major portion and emphasis on this particular range. It literally means more detailed and sharp images that can further be used for cropping and zooming. Providing a fixed focal length, zooming into the details is an easy task accentuated smoothly by these pixels. It is a good point to be known but the overall performance and quality involves a lot of other factors.


F number, crop factor and the necessary focal length are determined by the sensor size. Most of these things are explained on the data sheet in a clustered form. They have a major role in the manufacturing process. Although During the sales period, the only feature to be determined is the amount of light it can gather. It is a very easy mechanism, acting directly proportional to the sensor size. More the size more will be the area for light to fall on the sensor. A greater ability to capture the light enables the picture to expose brightly. The fractional size given by the sensor means the type of sensor smaller by a given fraction diagonally.

Pixel Size

They help you know the size of individual photo detectors in the sensor. The general pixel size comes somewhere in between the range of one and two micrometers. Following the sensor strategy, larger pixel size intakes more light within it. Measured in ‘microns’, a higher micron cut downs the darker aspect of the image, exposing it on any conditions. Each pixel solely works on in taking a portion of light within it. The technology behind the sensor is also dependent on the pixel capacity but majorly it’s the size of pixel that matters the most.

Focal Length

You must have come across this term a lot of times but have never really gone in the depth of it. To understand it briefly, it is the distance between the lens and the sensor. This further helps us to know the magnification and depth of field. Although this feature works best on a professional camera with a greater sensor size,there are a handful of phones offering a bigger sensor size followed by a greater focal length. Measured in ‘mm’, 18-35mm designates a wide-angle lens, 35-60mm is ‘normal’ lenses, and above 60mm are long-focus. All smartphones fall into the wide-angle lens bracket, typically somewhere around 24-30mm; the larger the number, the less wide angle the lens is.


The ratio between the focal length and the size of the hole on acamera is known as Aperture. Reflecting the light that will be passed through the sensor, it’s a core element of camera. Commonly listed as F-number, the fraction represents the double of aperture. A wide aperture allows a greater capturing area enabling a perfect exposed image. Although bigger apertures are a bit expensive and complex to use, most smartphones strive to effectively use them for better photography results.

Above mentioned are the main members of the optical department. While buying a smartphone you now have a deep knowledge of choosing the right option. There are some other important elements as well. To name a few; Focus, Metering, ISO, White Balance Shutter, Image stabilizer etc. are some. They constitute more in the manufacturing process. They are inbuilt inside your phone and shouldn’t be necessarily determined while purchasing. Although the above described elements must be examined deeply. While the market place today is barreled with numerous smartphone options, your choice should be the best. A deep knowledge about elements is the only factor accelerating your choice. Since the new realm of photography and filters demand excellent handy resources a smart choice is a need of the hour. Although everybody has their favorite brands up on the list, one must consider the new age brands conquering the market. Being redundant might fetch virtual satisfaction but you will surely miss the engrossing features in the newbies. We have Panasonic India Smartphones with its dual camera, OnePlus, Samsung and some others leading the list with effective pricing and contemporary features. There huge varieties have different camera specifications and benefits.

 We hope now you have a deeper knowledge about the optical department and a smarter vision on phones to choose from!

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